Increasing participation

Dewey B. Larson
755 N.E. Royal Court
Portland, Oregon 97232

Oct. 12, 1984

Dr. Roy Curtin
10585 North 6000 West
Hyland, Utah 84003

Dear Roy:

One of the decisions reached at the Conference was to make an attempt to get more participation by the members in gathering items of a newsworthy character for publication in Reciprocity, and, if I remember correctly, you are to direct this program. I therefore want to explain to you what I had in mind when I suggested that, as a part of this program, the members should be encouraged to keep a watch on the scientific literature for items that are relevant to the conflict between our ideas and those of conventional science.

No doubt many persons will wonder why such an undertaking requires the cooperation of many individuals; why a scrutiny of the literature by one person, or a few people, would not be sufficient. The answer is that recognition of the relevance of these items is not automatic. Thousands of items of new information appear in the scientific literature every year, and no one gives every one of these items sufficient consideration to determine whether or not it is relevant to the question at issue. But each person who keeps this situation in mind while he reads the current literature will no doubt recognize the relevance of certain items. What is needed in order to assure adequate coverage is to accumulate such items from a substantial number of individuals.

Two kinds of items are wanted. First, there are some experimental or observational results that the members can recognize as being consistent with the Reciprocal System of theory but inconsistent with conventional physical theory. As an example, I am enclosing a report and comment on an item with respect to galactic collisions taken from the Nov. 1984 issue of Science Digest. There the conflict with accepted theory is obvious. In other instances the member may recognize that the new discovery raises an issue that is pertinent to the conflict between the theoretical systems,but may not understand just how the Reciprocal System applies to the situation. Items of this kind are also wanted, as the Editor can refer them to appropriate individuals for the explanations. As an example of this kind of an item, I am enclosing a report and comment on an item from the Oct. 1984 issue of Sky and Telescope, with reference to some experiments in which it is believed that the very dense state of matter which exists in the white dwarf stars was produced momentarily. In this case the theoretical situation is not as obvious as in the galactic collisions and the person who notes the item may merely recognize that the results of the newly reported experiments, if confirmed, have a significant bearing on the conflict of the theories, without being able to furnish an analysis of the theoretical significance of these results. Nevertheless, if he calls attention to the item, this will enable the organization to deal with something that might otherwise be missed.

One of the strongest arguments in favor of the Reciprocal System of theory is that it is consistent not only with all of the physical facts that were known when the theory was first published, but also with all of the many facts that have been revealed by observation and experiment during the 25 years that have elapsed since that original publication. This is a significant point, and it should be emphasized at every available opportunity. Every important new discovery constitutes such an opportunity.

I note that there is a typographical error on page 3 of my letter of Sept. 10. The expression 8x8x4 = 128 should, of course be 8x4x4 = 128.

D. B. Larson       

News item: “Unexpectedly, one-fourth af the galaxies seen by IRAS (the infrared satellite) are believed to be merging or colliding.” Science Digest, Nov. 1984.
Comment: This is a direct contradiction of the currently accepted theory of the galaxies, which views them as existing in essentially the same condition in which they were originally formed. It also contradicts the conventional explanation of the positions of the globular clusters around the galaxies. On the other hand, it is in full agreement with the findings based on the Reciprocal System of theory, in which the galaxies continually grow by accretion of smaller aggregates until they reach their limiting size. In this evolutionary pattern, the globular clusters surrounding the larger galaxies are external objects that are being drawn in from the surrounding space

News item: Sky and Telescope, Oct. 1984, summarizes the results of experiments originally reported in Physical Review Letters, Apr. 30, 1984. These experiments involved very high speed collisions of particles, causing the individual nucleons (protons and neutrons) to coalesce for a fraction of a second.” The physical state during this brief period is thought to be the same as that of the constituents of the white dwarf stars.

Comment: The results reported by the experimenters were obtained by increasing the collision energy above the levels reached in previous experiments. The normal result of increased energy input is increased energy output; that is, it would normally be expected that the outward speeds of the product particles would be increased. In order to explain why these particles seemed to stick together for a time, the theorists have to assume the existence of some kind of a critical level at which hypothetical inward-directed forces overcome the outward-directed repulsive forces. There is no physical evidence of any such inward force, nor do the theorists have any explanation as to how this force, if it is once activated, is induced to relax its hold and allow the particles to uncouple.

In the context of the Reciprocal System of theory the explanation of the results is simple. Increased energy input does increase the particle speeds, in accordance with the normal expectation, but when these speeds exceed unity the particles move apart in time rather than in space. This decreases the equivalent spatial separation, and makes it appear, in the spatial reference system, as if the particles are holding together. When the input of energy ceases, or lessens, the particles lose energy to the environment, and their speeds drop back below unity. The normal outward motion in space is then resumed.

International Society of  Unified Science
Reciprocal System Research Society

Salt Lake City, UT 84106

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