Papers on the Reciprocal System

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A New Theory of Gravitation ( Larson, Dewey B. ) [ 88.2 Kb, Rev. 11]

A discussion of gravity as a 3-dimensional, inward, scalar motion.

Absolute Magnitudes of Physics ( Meyer, Frank ) [ 179.1 Kb, Rev. 7]

Published in: Reciprocity, Volume 19, No. 1, Page 14

A universe of motion compotes the physical universe, in which motion is a reciprocal relation between space and time. All motion consists of discrete units. Each individual unit of motion is a relation between one unit of space and one unit of time, a motion at unit speed. This unit speed and its constituents, clock time and clock space, are absolute magnitudes. Unit speed is identified with the speed of the physical locations of photon. Absolute magnitudes do not exclude relative magnitudes, such as material speed, coordinate space and coordinate time. Mass, invariant with speed, as reported by I. Newton, L. Oken and D.B. Larson, is another fundamental absolute physical magnitude. The contention of some teachers of the theories of relativity that mass near unit speed is a relative magnitude, not an absolute magnitude, results from the misinterpretation of the equation, E=mc^2. E does not denote the total energy of a moving mass, but rather only the rest energy of the mass.

After 3000 Years ( Larson, Dewey B. ) [ 88.1 Kb, Rev. 5]

The most significant feature of this new development is that it is a general physical theory, one in which the basic laws and principles of all physical fields are derived from a single set of fundamental postulates, without making any further assumptions of any kind, and without introducing anything from any outside source. Construction of such a theory has been a major goal of science for three thousand years, and an immense amount of time and effort has been devoted to the task. But until now, all of these efforts have been totally unsuccessful. The failure has not been a matter of arriving at the wrong answers. Previous investigators have not been able to formulate any single theory that would give them any answers, right or wrong, to more than a mere handful of the millions of questions that a general physical theory must answer. As a result, present-day physical theory is not a single integrated structure, but a multitude of parts and pieces which, as the physicists admit, do not fit together very well. Every conclusion derived from currently accepted theory rests on hundreds, if not thousands, of separate assumptions.

Another Look at the Pulsar Phenomenon ( KVK, Nehru ) [ 106.6 Kb, Rev. 14]

Published in: Reciprocity, Volume 12, No. 2, Page 18

Astronomers have recognized in the pulsars, the extremely compact pulsating stellar objects, opportunities to test the correctness of the predictions of different theories of gravitation. Prof. KVK Nehru does so here, with the Reciprocal System.

Around Unexpected Corners ( Larson, Dewey B. ) [ 173.3 Kb, Rev. 9]

A lecture to a group of chemical engineering students on the history of the origins of the Reciprocal System of theory.

Association of Quasars with Other Astronomical Objects ( Larson, Dewey B. ) [ 89.4 Kb, Rev. 5]

Larson discusses the association of quasars with other astronomical objects, indicating a common origin.

Astronomical X-Ray Sources ( Larson, Dewey B. ) [ 180.9 Kb, Rev. 22]

An examination of astronomical x-ray sources which, in the Reciprocal System, are the various stages of white dwarf evolution, not separate entities.

At the Earth's Core: The Geophysics of Planetary Evolution ( Peret, Bruce ) [ 454.3 Kb, Rev. 35]

Published in: Reciprocity, Volume 27, No. 1, Page 9

A reevaluation of the formation and internal structure of planets, in light of the Reciprocal System.

Atomic Number Equation Based on Larson’s Triplets ( Halprin, David ) [ 158.2 Kb, Rev. 4]

How to calculate the atomic number by a simple equation from Larson's A-B-C notation.

Ball Lightning ( Huck, Rainer ) [ 117.6 Kb, Rev. 4]

Published in: Reciprocity, Volume 8, No. 1, Page 4

Of all the forms of lightning, ball lightning is, beyond any doubt, the most rare and mysterious. Even though it was discussed by Aristotle in the 4th century B.C. in his work on meterology, and has, in the intervening years been reported by thousands of reliable observers, it has only recently gained acceptance as a real phenomenon by the majority of scientific authorities. A survey conducted at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory in 1960 by J. Rand McNally, Jr. asked l5,923 employees if they had witnessed ball lightning, resulting in 515 positive replies. Sufficient evidence has now been accumulated to form a fairly compelling case for the existence of ball lightning, although its characteristics are such that no theory thus far submitted provides a satisfactory explanation.

Benjamin Franklin's Concept of Time ( Meyer, Frank ) [ 105.3 Kb, Rev. 6]

Published in: Reciprocity, Volume 3, No. 2, Page 7

I wish to report why I consider Benjamin Franklin’s animate concept of time a better concept than the clock concept of time presently accepted by many modem physicists.

Birotation and the Doubts of Thomas ( KVK, Nehru ) [ 170.8 Kb, Rev. 6]

Published in: Reciprocity, Volume 21, No. 1, Page 6

Commentary regarding Thomas Kirk's objections to Nehru's birotating photon model.

Calculus and Geometry ( Vijaya, Gopi Krishna ) [ 117.2 Kb, Rev. 8]

An examination of the relationship of calculus to geometry in the context of the Reciprocal System.

Celestial Dynamics and Rotational Forces In Circular and Elliptical Motions (Vijaya, Gopi Krishna)

The understanding of circular motion as being conditioned by a central force coupled to a tangential velocity is questioned, by analyzing the origins of its derivation, and revising it in the light of rotational kinematics. It is shown that one cannot stop the analysis at a force directed to the center, but has to continue it to include an infinite series of higher order rotational forces in four perpendicular directions. The verification of this in terrestrial dynamics, as well as the consequences of its application in celestial dynamics is presented. It is shown that Newton’s Moon Test and inverse-square law, even with the corrections of General Relativity, do not support circular and elliptical motion and lead to an erroneous expression – a problem that has been noticed and remedied by other independent researchers.

Charge Field and Reciprocal System

This paper serves to compare the different approaches to a general theory of physics that has been attempted independently by two researchers, Dewey Larson (Reciprocal System) and Miles Mathis (Charge Field Theory) in order to show the overlapping concepts side by side. It is not intended to do what is traditionally done in science (establishing and fighting over priority) but to show how very similar ideas can be reached by anyone who takes an honest look at current scientific data.

Che Sara Sara ( Halprin, David ) [ 185.6 Kb, Rev. 15]

Published in: Reciprocity, Volume 19, No. 2, Page 13

As a result of my recent rereading of various sections of the texts on the Reciprocal System of Theory, with a view to making an attempt to find a simple approach to teach the theory to newly interested “students,” I came across, what appears to me to be, thirteen assumptions, listed below in the form either as a stated assumption or as a question re explicit or implicit assumptions uncovered.

Comments on BPOM, UOM and Outline ( KVK, Nehru ) [ 143.7 Kb, Rev. 6]

Some questions Nehru poses to Larson, concerning the books, "Basic Properties of Matter," "Universe of Motion," and the paper, "The Outline of the Deductive Development of a Universe of Motion."

Consciousness, Motion, Space and Time ( KVK, Nehru ) [ 93.5 Kb, Rev. 3]

The fact that we do not have a single theory, but only a collection of individual theories, goes to show that the basic concepts of these individual theories are not right. Therefore attempts to understand the occult truths from the points of view of these concepts—which are only provisional working hypotheses—cannot lead us to Truth but only speculations unlimited. The emergence of the first truly general theory, namely, the Reciprocal System of Theory created by Dewey B. Larson should be of immense interest to all the seekers of Truth. The conclusions of the Reciprocal System are factually verified in all the domains of physics and astronomy. It must be noted that there cannot be more than one correct general theory.

Cosmic Background Radiation ( KVK, Nehru ) [ 127.4 Kb, Rev. 4]

Published in: Reciprocity, Volume 19, No. 4, Page 20

A detailed explanation of the origin and structure of cosmic background radiation.

Dialogue II ( KVK, Nehru ) [ 316.5 Kb, Rev. 19]

More questions and answers between KVK Nehru and Dewey Larson, concerning the books "Nothing But Motion" and "Quasars and Pulsars."

Discussion on Satz Derivation of Planck's Constant ( KVK, Nehru ) [ 89.5 Kb, Rev. 9]

Published in: Reciprocity, Volume 19, No. 1, Page 19

An analysis of Satz's derivation of Planck's Constant.

Dissecting the Birotating Photon ( Kirk, Thomas ) [ 162.1 Kb, Rev. 5]

Published in: Reciprocity, Volume 20, No. 3, Page 14

Kirk's comments on Nehru's concept of a birotating photon. Replied to by Nehru in "Birotation and the Doubts of Thomas."

Distribution of the Masses of Protostars in Globular Clusters ( KVK, Nehru ) [ 257 Kb, Rev. 24]

A technical analysis of the formation of globular clusters, that utilizes just gravity and the progression of the natural reference system to form stars and clusters. Discussed are the mass limits for stellar combustion, as well as radial separations.

Dreams, Symbolism, and Allegory ( Peret, Bruce ) [ 210.4 Kb, Rev. 7]

Published in: Reciprocity, Volume 25, No. 3, Page 27

An analysis of dreams, symbolism and allegory as expressions of the life unit concept documented in Beyond Space and Time.

Electric Ionization ( KVK, Nehru ) [ 621.4 Kb, Rev. 20]

Published in: Reciprocity, Volume 15, No. 2, Page 16

Nehru corrects some failings in Satz's papers, "Further Mathematics of the Reciprocal System" and "Photoionization and Photomagnetization," concerning the calculation of ionization of the elements.

Energies at High Speeds ( Larson, Dewey B. ) [ 115.6 Kb, Rev. 7]

An explanation of why acceleration decreases, rather than mass increasing, as objects approach the speed of light.

Extra-Dimensional & Extra-Terrestrial Entities ( Phoenix III, Daniel ) [ 393.4 Kb, Rev. 139]
Außerdimensionale & Außerirdische Entitäten (Deutsch)

An analysis of the concept of an extra-dimensional entity, showing how dimension and density relate in the structure of the life unit. Also a discussion of extraterrestrial contact, and the problems the human psyche may encounter.

Extraterrestrial Albino Brain Chiggers ( Phoenix III, Daniel ) [ 254.5 Kb, Rev. 1]

Has the mind of man been invaded by extraterrestrial microorganisms that are consuming his intelligence, returning him to the status of good slaves to the gods? Is the dumbing-down of humanity an accident, or an invasion of albino brain chiggers? The answer may not be as ridiculous as it sounds.... there are some interesting correlations.

Four Types of Magnetism and Critical Universality ( Halprin, David ) [ 158.1 Kb, Rev. 2]

A discussion magnetism and the and the Liquid-Vapor criticality point.

Geochronology ( Phoenix III, Daniel ) [ 2.2 Mb, Rev. 1]
Geochronologie (Deutsch)

Part 1 of the Anthropology Series on the Hidden Origins of Homo Sapiens. Radioactive decay and stellar generations are used to do a reevaluation of geochronology, how we date ancient history. Natural consequences of this reevaluation bring science in line with religious and mythological dating, and give quite a different perspective on the origins of mankind.

Geoengineering, Chemtrails, HAARP, World Orders, Time Lines and Ascension ( Phoenix III, Daniel )
Geoengineering, Chemtrails, HAARP, Weltordnungen, Zeitlinien und der Aufstieg (Deutsch)

An analysis of the current geoengineering of Earth, including chemtrails, the upcoming solar transition, solar radio and x-ray emission, timelines and superstorms.

Glimpses Into the Structure of the Sun ( KVK,Nehru ) [ 1.9 Mb, Rev. 45]

Published in: Reciprocity, Volume 17, No. 2, Page 14

An analysis of sunspots as a manifestation of motion in the intermediate and ultra-high speed temperature ranges, generating comagnetic effects.

Goethean Science and the Reciprocal System ( Vijaya, Gopi Krishna )

The concepts used in the Reciprocal System can be traced back in many ways. One direct line is from phenomenology of Goethe, where he stresses the importance of sticking to the phenomena without any theorizing. This principle-based approach further elaborated by Rudolf Steiner is essentially what the Reciprocal System has independently extended further.

Gravitation and the Galaxies ( Larson, Dewey B. ) [ 99.3 Kb, Rev. 6]

A look at how gravity affects galaxies.

Gravitational Deflection of a Light Beam ( KVK, Nehru ) [ 141.1 Kb, Rev. 16]

Published in: Reciprocity, Volume 11, No. 1, Page 28

Calculations of the gravitational deflection of a light beam, due to coordinate time.

Gravitational Redshift ( KVK, Nehru ) [ 114 Kb, Rev. 4]

Published in: Reciprocity, Volume 11, No. 1, Page 32

A n RS computation of the gravitational red shift, compared to the Relativity version.

High Energy Physics and the Reciprocal System ( KVK, Nehru ) [ 356.2 Kb, Rev. 11]

Published in: Reciprocity, Volume 26, No. 2, Page 7

Great advances in technology in the recent decades of this century have made it possible to amass a wealth of experimental data of unprecedented scope and variety. Theory in the areas of Particle Physics and Astrophysics has been subjected to repeated revisions to cope up with the observed facts. Especially in the field of High Energy Physics exciting things have been happening. The Orthodoxy is becoming more tolerant to wild, if not crazy ideas and inventions of thought. In this backdrop, it might be desirable to survey the vicissitudes of the physical theory, hoping that we might learn something from the history.

Homo Sapiens Ethicus ( Phoenix III, Daniel ) [ 746.7 Kb, Rev. 3]

Part 3 of the Anthropology Series on the Hidden Origin of Homo Sapiens. A detailed discussion of bioenergy and its association with the processes of life, death, reincarnation and ascension, using Larson's Sector 3, "ethical level," as a model.

How Do We Meet the New Age Ushered ( KVK, Nehru ) [ 140.6 Kb, Rev. 8]

Another response from the suppression of the information on birotation by Satz, discussing how you CAN have rotation without anything to rotate, once you understand the concept.

Importance of Conic Section "size" in the Derivation of Propositions X-XVI in Newton's Principia Book I (Vijaya, Gopi Krishna)

The “direct problem” of the inverse-square law is examined, by retracing the derivations of Propositions X-XVI in Newton’s Principia. It is found that transfers of constants of proportionality are inconsistent between the propositions, leading to errors in the derived relations for multiple orbits. Proposition X has to be corrected for the relations of time period to the force law by including the area constants for conic sections. Propositions XI-XIII assume the expression 2h2 / L to be constant, that in turn implicitly assume a modified version of Kepler’s third law, while Propositions XIV-XVI apply this to multiple orbits leading to further “size” inconsistencies with the original form of Kepler’s third law. It has been shown how this relevance of “size” has been missed in the Newtonian literature, leading to a necessity of revising the existence of an exact inverse-square law.

Internal Ionization and Secondary Mass ( KVK, Nehru ) [ 198.6 Kb, Rev. 45]

A look at the influences that rotational vibration has on the concepts of mass and charge, and the interregional ratios applicable thereto.

Intrinsic Variables, Supernovae and the Thermal Limit ( KVK, Nehru ) [ 186 Kb, Rev. 28]

Published in: Reciprocity, Volume 17, No. 1, Page 20

Analysis of how the thermal limit of atoms, applied to the large aggregate of stars, produces intrinsic variables and supernova.

Intrinsicality ( Halprin, David ) [ 142 Kb, Rev. 4]

A discussion of the intrinsic assumptions made b y other theories, and their implications on trying to understand the Reciprocal System.

Ionization Levels in the Reciprocal System ( Halprin, David ) [ 919.9 Kb, Rev. 12]

Calculations of ionization levels for the elements.

Is Ferromagnetism a Co-magnetic Phenomenon? ( KVK, Nehru ) [ 172.1 Kb, Rev. 11]

Published in: Reciprocity, Volume 19, No. 1, Page 6

In the phenomenon of the ferromagnetism the material exhibits large spontaneous magnetization in the absence of any externally applied magnetic field, below a characteristic temperature called the Curie point. Relatively few elements are ferromagnetic.

Laws to Perception based on Notions of Motions ( Halprin, David ) [ 242.2 Kb, Rev. 6]

Published in: Reciprocity, Volume 20, No. 3, Page 1

To date, current physics and its adherents have not shown any real depth of analysis into all the theoretically possible types of motion and their concomitant manifestations. So here begins a step-by-step investigation.

Life, the Universe and Digital Society ( Phoenix III, Daniel ) [ 156.7 Kb, Rev. 1]

A discussion of communication, or lack thereof, in our modern, digital society.

Lifetime of C-Argon, the Muon ( KVK, Nehru ) [ 138.6 Kb, Rev. 7]

Published in: Reciprocity, Volume 11, No. 3, Page 29

Calculation of the lifetime of the "antimatter" particle, cosmic argon.

Lifetimes of C-Atom Decays ( KVK, Nehru ) [ 145.9 Kb, Rev. 5]

Published in: Reciprocity, Volume 11, No. 1, Page 34

Cosmic atom decay rates.

Motion ( Larson, Dewey B. ) [ 150.3 Kb, Rev. 6]

An overview of the concept of "motion," and how scalar motion differs from vectorial motion.

Magnetic Moments of Leptons (Vijaya, Gopi Krishna)

A comparison of the values of the magnetic moments of leptons derived from the Reciprocal System with the values in conventional Physics theories is presented here. Even though the magnetic moment is touted as one of the most accurate tests of modern quantum electrodynamics, it is normally not noticed that the conventional derivation involves several ad-hoc constants. In contrast, these values arise straightforwardly out of the principles of the Reciprocal system.

Motion Fundamentals ( Kirk, Thomas ) [ 186.9 Kb, Rev. 3]

Published in: Reciprocity, Volume 20, No. 3, Page 10

I was asked by the Editor to respond to comments by the editorial referee on my article, “Derivation of Reciprocal System Mathematics", and also to comment on K.V.K. Nehru’s article, “On the Nature of Rotation and Birotation.” I was surprised to find that the primary concerns from the referee and the most unusual assertions by Nehru extended from a very fundamental level of Reciprocal System development. Though there is some considerable overlap of subject matter between the two, it is necessary to discuss each separately due to the profound importance of the issues and the danger of confusion if subjects are intertwined.

New Light on the Gravitational Deflection ( KVK, Nehru ) [ 131 Kb, Rev. 12]

Published in: Reciprocity, Volume 15, No. 1, Page 8

I have discussed in an earlier paper, “The Gravitational Deflection of Light Beam in the Reciprocal System,” the effect of gravitation on the bending of the locus of a photon. Even though the role played by the coordinate time associated with the gravitational motion in deflecting the path of light was correctly depicted therein, I believe that the mathematical implications were not correctly brought out. Especially, in the case of equation (6) there, though its existence was correctly recognized, its physical significance was misconstrued. The present paper, therefore, attempts to overcome these shortcomings and derives the mathematical expression for the angle through which the path of light beam deflects in the vicinity of a mass.

New World Religion ( Phoenix III, Daniel ) [ 628.5 Kb, Rev. 173]

Part 2 of the anthropology series on the hidden origins of homo sapiens; a discussion of Project Blue Beam, and how the powers that be are using technology in an attempt to divert the course of spiritual development in mankind.

Non-Locality in the Reciprocal System

Published in: Reciprocity, Volume 26, No. 1, Page 7

The Reciprocal System, true to its claim of a unified and general theory, not only covers the ground of the quantum theory, but also provides insight into the reality, basing on the new paradigm of motion as the sole constituent of the physical universe. Its most important finding is the existence of different domains of physical action, in which the rules of the game apparently differ. Larson resolves all the difficulties the conventional theory is facing, by the knowledge of the characteristics of these domains.

On the Nature of Rotation and Birotation ( KVK, Nehru ) [ 210.3 Kb, Rev. 12]

Published in: Reciprocity, Volume 20, No. 1, Page 8

A detailed description of the concept of birotation, and how it explains many of the concepts associated with the photon.

Original Form of Kepler's Third Law and its Misapplication in Propositions XXXII-XXXVII in Newton's Principia (Book I) (Vijaya, Gopi Krishna)

The original form of Kepler’s Third Law contains a caveat regarding the requirement of small eccentricities – a fact that has been missed by the traditional Newtonian derivations. This constraint is analyzed, and a re-clarification of the real meaning of “mean distance” in the law is provided, by following up the indications given by Kepler in the Harmonices Mundi. It is shown that the modified expression for the “mean distance” not only clears up conceptual difficulties, but also removes a discrepancy found by Kepler for Mercury. Based on this re-evaluation, the result of ignoring the small-eccentricity constraint is analyzed in the Propositions XXXII-XXXVII in the Principia. It is seen that there are several conceptual and mathematical mistakes that are inevitable with the Newtonian form of Kepler’s Third Law.

Outline of the Reciprocal System ( Larson, Dewey B. ) [ 451.2 Kb, Rev. 34]

An outline detailing the deductive development of Larson's Reciprocal System, a theory of a universe based on motion.

Periodicals Collection Master Index ( Peret, Bruce ) [ 3.5 Mb, Rev. 48]

An index by Volume, author and paper title of all of the periodicals that ISUS has produced (New Science Advocates, Reciprocity and ISUS News).

Precession of the Planetary Perihelia ( KVK, Nehru ) [ 144.9 Kb, Rev. 7]

Published in: Reciprocity, Volume 14, No. 1, Page 11

An explanation, with calculations, of the precession of the planets due to the concept of 3D, coordinate time.

Preparing for the Reciprocal System ( Vijaya, Gopi Krishna ) [ 317.1 Kb, Rev. 34]

The purpose of this booklet is to take a look at the theory and its development by approaching the fundamental postulates in a slightly different manner than usually presented, for instance, as in Larson’s careful descriptions of the Outline of the Reciprocal System and Lawrence Denslow’s clarification of the Fundamentals of Scalar Motion. While efforts have so far been made to highlight the development of the theory from the postulates, it appears that a fresh effort, one that leads to the postulates by preparation, is necessary at this point of time. Larson’s own research work, after all, began thirty years before he published the first book, comprising many stages of thinking, all of which are quite vital for a full understanding. This approach could, perhaps, not only give the new student a way through commonly encountered difficulties, but also provide a connection to existent scientific practices.

Quantum Mechanics ( KVK, Nehru ) [ 316 Kb, Rev. 48]

Published in: Reciprocity, Volume 24, No. 1, Page 1

While the Wave Mechanics has been very successful mathematically, it contains some fundamental errors. The principal stumbling block has been the ignorance of the existence of the Time Region and its peculiar characteristics. The crucial points that need to be recognized are that the wave associated with a moving particle, in a system of atomic dimensions, exists in the equivalent space of the Time Region: and that switching from the particle view to the wave view is equal in significance to shifting from the standpoint of the three-dimensional spatial reference frame to that of the three-dimensional temporal reference frame that is germane to the Time Region. To imagine that even gross objects have a wave associated with them is a mistake: the question of the wave does not arise unless the phenomena concerned enter the Time Region.

Quasars—Three Years Later ( Larson, Dewey B. ) [ 355.3 Kb, Rev. 24]

This paper is a supplement to the book, Quasars and Pulsars, updating information contained therein.

Replacing the Foundations of Astronomy (Vijaya, Gopi Krishna)

The historical development of astronomy is described, with respect to the derivation of Kepler's Laws and their subsequent application by Newton. It is described how the two-dimensional nature of movement of planetary bodies is transformed into one-dimensional movement by the application of an inverse-square law. It is also shown how the Newtonian method of adding perturbations to the inverse-square law for the purpose of planetary calculations is simply a repetition of the Ptolemaic epicycles in algebraic form. The path forward is described that avoids the Newtonian dead end and tackles the planetary system on its own terms as a living system.

RS2-101 Creating a Theory ( Peret, Bruce ) [ 529 Kb, Rev. 40]
RS2-Einführung Nr. 1 - Eine Theorie aufstellen (Deutsch)

An introduction to the concept of frameworks; what occurs naturally and what man has created to express the natural framework in symbols.

RS2-102 Fundamental Postulates ( Peret, Bruce ) [ 204.4 Kb, Rev. 61]

The fundamental postulates of the Reciprocal System of theory and a detailed description of what they define and how they relate.

RS2-103: The Reevaluation ( Peret, Bruce ) [ 220.6 Kb, Rev. 16]

An overview of the goals of the RS2 reevaluation of Larson's Reciprocal System of theory, and the direction it is taking for future research.

RS2-104: Scalar Motion ( Peret, Bruce ) [ 157.3 Kb, Rev. 17]

Anyone who has explored the realm of the science that lies beyond what is taught in the classroom, will undoubtedly run across the term “scalar” without any consistency of application. Scalar waves, scalar energy, scalar motion, scalar this, scalar that… it appears the term is popular to describe something that the author does not quite understand themselves. This paper explains the "scalar" concept and how it is used in the Reciprocal System.

RS2-105: Quantum π ( Peret, Bruce ) [ 220.7 Kb, Rev. 18]

In Miles Mathis’ papers concerning PI: “What is Pi?” and “The Extinction of Pi,” he cause considerable controversy with his conclusions that PI is an acceleration and has a value of 4.0, not the conventional 3.14159265… . As to what is correct, the answer in the Reciprocal System is “all of the above,” with the caveat that the values are reference system dependent.

RS2-106: Dimensions and Displacements ( Peret, Bruce ) [ 158.8 Kb, Rev. 33]

A description of the dimensions of motion (the scalar dimensions), how the units of motion relate to those dimensions, what the "clock" is and how displacements are derived from those dimensions to create physical structure.

RS2-107: Mass and Gravity ( Peret, Bruce ) [ 157.4 Kb, Rev. 22]

A discussion of the concepts of mass, weight and gravity in the Reciprocal System, as expressed by three dimensions of scalar motion.

RS2-108: The Lorentz Factor ( Peret, Bruce ) [ 162.4 Kb, Rev. 27]

An examination of what is going on underneath the Lorentz Factor equation, with a comparison to a similar concept originally proposed by Dewey Larson as a direction reversal and rotational base.

RS2-109: Dimensional Thinking ( Peret, Bruce ) [ 200.9 Kb, Rev. 24]

An examination of how dimensions are used in the Reciprocal System and how they interplay with Larson's concept of "units of motion." This is theoretical research that has gone beyond Larson's original concepts and into new areas, developed for use with a computer simulation of a universe of motion.

Radio Component Separation in Quasars ( KVK, Nehru ) [ 109.6 Kb, Rev. 7]

Published in: Reciprocity, Volume 20, No. 2, Page 9

A calculation of the angular separation of radio components in quasars.

Relative Abundance of the Elements ( KVK, Nehru ) [ 371.8 Kb, Rev. 16]

Published in: Reciprocity, Volume 13, No. 3, Page 28

A calculation of the relative abundance of elements--how many of whiat element are present in the Universe, by default.

Remodelling the Big Bang ( Larson, Dewey B. ) [ 109.2 Kb, Rev. 8]

A look at the origins of the Universe.

Reprogramming for an Open Mind ( Phoenix III, Daniel ) [ 155 Kb, Rev. 10]

Taking a look at the process of reaching conclusions, and how to identify when you are being directed towards a conclusion--rather than coming to it on your own.

Rubicon ( Phoenix III, Daniel ) [ 137.7 Kb, Rev. 1]

Over the past couple of weeks, I’ve run across the word “Rubicon” a good number of times, right down to the title of last week’s “The 100” episode. I didn’t even know what the word meant, but since I can usually take a hint (when applied with a sledgehammer), I decided to look it up. What I found on was rather interesting.

Some Thoughts on Spin ( KVK, Nehru ) [ 174.8 Kb, Rev. 9]

Published in: Reciprocity, Volume 26, No. 3, Page 15

An investigation into the nature of spin, expanding the concept to include both rotation (spin-1) and solid rotation (spin-1/2).

Some Thoughts on the Reciprocal System of Theory ( KVK, Nehru; Larson, Dewey B. ) [ 214.2 Kb, Rev. 19]

Published in: Reciprocity, Volume 11, No. 1, Page 10

Some observations by Prof. KVK Nehru on the books, Nothing But Motion and New Light on Space and Time, with Larson's replies.

Space Travel: Science is Fiction? ( Phoenix III, Daniel ) [ 218.7 Kb, Rev. 1]

It may well be that man is not capable of going boldly where no man has gone before, and the touted "quarantine field" promoted in New Age circles is actually a natural phenomenon and a "safety valve" to prevent space exploration until a specific level of consciousness has been reached.

String Theory Analysis ( Halprin, David ) [ 285.1 Kb, Rev. 20]

Summary and overview of what I comprehend re the stages, that current physics has been through, and will be at its hoped-for penultimate goal presently, and what its advocates have achieved and partly solved, and what they hope has yet to be solved, and will be solved, gray matter permitting.

Subatomic Mass, Recalculated ( Peret, Bruce ) [ 296.4 Kb, Rev. 16]

Published in: Reciprocity, Volume 24, No. 2, Page 13

A recalculation of Larson's original subatomic particle masses, using more recent values (1995). Includes neutrino updates from the Subatomic Mass, Recalculated, Update paper.

Superconductivity: A Time Region Phenomenon ( KVK, Nehru ) [ 237.3 Kb, Rev. 16]

Published in: Reciprocity, Volume 19, No. 3, Page 1

An analysis of superconductivity, where the superconductive properties are due to birotating electrons, not the temperature of the material.

Technology in the Aquarian Age ( KVK, Nehru ) [ 123.4 Kb, Rev. 7]

A short discussion of the potential impact of the Reciprocal System on humanity.

The Colonization of Tiamat ( Phoenix III, Daniel ) [ 745.4 Kb, Rev. 1]

Are galaxies, far, far away actually solar systems, close, close, nearby? Mounting evidence is definitely pointing to this situation. If this is the case, then Intervention Theory, the concept that says we've been visited by ETs many times in the past, may also have supporting evidence. This paper analyzes the galactic solar system idea and discusses the arrival of the first visitors, the Cyclopeans.


The Colonization of Tiamat: The Annunaki Strke Back ( Phoenix III, Daniel )

A detailed examination of planetary structure, examining various hollow and flat Earth models proposed in ancient days, using an extended "hollow planet" theory to identify lost worlds, lost continents and phantom islands all the way from Heaven to Hell. Continues the plot in Part IV with the arrival of the Annunaki, out to colonize Tiamat to exploit its resources, identifying these lost continents with the domains ruled by the gods.

The Constitution of The United States of America ( Halprin, David ) [ 174.3 Kb, Rev. 6]

Published in: Reciprocity, Volume 19, No. 1, Page 9

Here we have a limited parallel between the laws of Northern America and the role that they play in the administration of the life of the inhabitants, living therein and the laws of physics, pertaining to all the states of matter, that exist, or may exist, within the Physical Universe.

The Density Gradient in White Dwarf Stars ( Larson, Dewey B. ) [ 103.1 Kb, Rev. 6]

Larson examines the white dwarf stars in light of faster-than-light speeds creating an inverse density structure.

The Dimensions of Motion ( Larson, Dewey B. ) [ 212.2 Kb, Rev. 7]

Some of the most significant consequences are related to the dimensions of this hitherto unrecognized type of motion. The word “dimension” is used in several different senses, but in the sense in which it is applied to space it signifies the number of independent magnitudes that are required for a complete definition of a spatial quantity. It is generally conceded that space is three-dimensional. Thus three independent magnitudes are required for a complete definition of a quantity of space. Throughout the early years of science this was taken as an indication that the universe is three-dimensional. Currently, the favored hypothesis is that of a four-dimensional universe, in which the three dimensions of space are joined to one dimension of time.

The Gravitational Limit and Hubble's Law ( KVK, Nehru ) [ 232.5 Kb, Rev. 12]

Published in: Reciprocity, Volume 16, No. 2, Page 11

Gravitation and Space-time Progression (STP) are the two oppositely directed scalar motions that decide the outcome of all physical phenomena in the universe of motion. There are two hitherto unknown features of gravitation that the Reciprocal System has brought to light. The first one, which is relevant to atomic-scale phenomena, is that in the context of the familiar three-dimensional stationary frame of reference, the direction of gravitation reverses at the unit space limit: it manifests as a repulsive force in the time region--the region inside unit space. This phenomenon forms the basis of cohesion in solids. The second feature is relevant to large-scale phenomena and is concerned with gravitation of mass aggregates.

The Inter-Regional Ratio ( KVK, Nehru ) [ 189.5 Kb, Rev. 12]

Published in: Reciprocity, Volume 14, No. 2, Page 5

An explanation of the Inter-regional ratio, that determines the effectiveness of rotation in the time region on space.

The Interaction Velocity of the Electric Force ( Huck, Rainer ) [ 183.9 Kb, Rev. 13]

Published in: Reciprocity, Volume 9, No. 3, Page 3

An experiment to determine if the interaction velocity of the electric force is at the speed of light, or beyond.

The Large-Scale Structure of the Physical Universe ( KVK, Nehru ) [ 398.2 Kb, Rev. 33]

Published in: Reciprocity, Volume 20, No. 2, Page 5

A look at the giant voids in inter-galactic space, their origin and evolution. Includes a detailed mathematical analysis of the size, structure and lifetime of these cosmic "bubbles" creating the voids.

The Larson Number System ( Halprin, David ) [ 94.8 Kb, Rev. 2]

A short summary of how Larson's integer numbering system works, and the difference between speed and displacement.

The Law of Conservation of Direction ( KVK, Nehru ) [ 200.9 Kb, Rev. 12]

Published in: Reciprocity, Volume 18, No. 3, Page 3

Some students of the Reciprocal System (RS) have been disputing the explanation of the intrinsic structure of the photons, given by Larson, the originator of the RS. No amount of discussion, so far, seemed to throw additional light in overcoming the logical objections raised. An examination of the situation undertaken by the present investigator revealed that a crucial fact of fundamental nature is being missed hitherto, both by the originator and the other students. It is found that a recognition of this fact not only clarifies the photon situation entirely but also throws light on many collateral issues where gaps in the logical development of the theory exist, thus rendering the theory more cogent. Some of these new developments are reported in this paper.

The Lifetime of the Neutron ( KVK, Nehru ) [ 140.3 Kb, Rev. 5]

Published in: Reciprocity, Volume 13, No. 1, Page 2

A calculation of the mass of the compound neutron, the "neutron" of conventional physics.

The Liquid State, Part 1—General Theory ( Larson, Dewey B. ) [ 122.7 Kb, Rev. 9]

This is the first of a series of publications that will describe an entirely new theory of the liquid state of matter: a theory which not only provides a full qualitative explanation of the physical properties of liquids but also furnishes the means whereby accurate numerical values of these properties applicable to different liquids can be calculated from the chemical composition, temperature, and pressure.

The Liquid State, Part 2—Relation to Temperature ( Larson, Dewey B. ) [ 533.2 Kb, Rev. 15]

This is the second of a series of publications which will present a complete new theoretical treatment of the liquid state. As brought out in the first paper, the results reported herein have been derived entirely by extension and elaboration of the consequences of two new postulates as to the nature of space and time which were formulated and explained by the author in a previously published in The Structure of the Physical Universe.

The Liquid State, Part II Supplement ( Larson, Dewey B. ) [ 616.4 Kb, Rev. 14]

This supplement to the original paper II in the liquid series has been prepared as a means of answering some questions that have been raised concerning the application of Equation (3), the volume-temperature relationship, to liquids other than those of the simple organic type.

The Liquid State, Part III ( Larson, Dewey B. ) [ 480.9 Kb, Rev. 13]

This is the third of a series of papers describing a complete new theory of the liquid state. The two previous publications have outlined the new theoretical structure and have established the mathematical relationship between volume and temperature. We now continue the volume study by examining the relation of this property to chemical composition and molecular structure.

The Mind Has No Firewall ( Phoenix III, Daniel ) [ 270.7 Kb, Rev. 10]

In my paper, “New World Religion,” I commented on the fact that “The Mind Has No Firewall,” stating that our minds, those lumps of gray matter that run our body and life, have no protection against a number of non-biological viruses such as subliminal programming, suggestion, behavior modification and even active mind control. Our computers, however, have very extensive “firewalls” that block out all these unwanted intrusions from other computers on the Internet. If we were only that careful of our own minds, then The Powers That Be would be out of a job, because they could not influence the “masses” to the extent they do to stay in power—and they put a great deal of time and effort into it. A reader of that paper suggested that I should expound upon this topic as a blog entry.

The Mythical Universe of Modern Astronomy ( Larson, Dewey B. ) [ 179.9 Kb, Rev. 8]

Larson examines the current state of astronomy and compares it to the much simpler Reciprocal System interpretation.

The Nature of Existence ( Gilroy, Maurice ) [ 296.9 Kb, Rev. 20]

What follows will be a discussion of three subjects or questions: 1. What is the nature of physical existence? 2. What is the nature of nonphysical existence? 3. What is the nature of human knowledge?

The Nature of Scalar Rotation ( KVK, Nehru ) [ 471.5 Kb, Rev. 29]

Published in: Reciprocity, Volume 14, No. 2, Page 10

A preliminary examination of the way units of motion fold across the unit speed boundary, producing states that are similar to the energy levels of the conventional, quantum atom.

The New Science of the Twenty-First Century ( Larson, Dewey B. ) [ 345.8 Kb, Rev. 10]

Larson's keynote address for the third Annual ISUS conference at the University of Utah, Salt Lake City, August 18, 1978. Also published in Frontiers of Science, Volume III, No. 5, July-August, 1981.

The Nuclear Atom? ( Halprin, David ) [ 111 Kb, Rev. 3]

The true theory of the physical universe, from microcosmis to macrocosmos.

The Origins of Planetary Rotation ( Peret, Bruce ) [ 164.9 Kb, Rev. 4]

Basically, modern science does not have any explanation of planetary rotation, nor why all the planets spin in the same direction. But thanks to the Reciprocal System of Theory, and the conclusions derived on planetary formation, we now have the answer buried in the "white dwarf" core of the planet, and its intense magnetic field.

The Photon as Birotation ( KVK, Nehru ) [ 275.7 Kb, Rev. 13]

Published in: Reciprocity, Volume 25, No. 3, Page 11

Details of the consequences of the birotating photon model.

The Photon: Displacement in a Second Scalar Dimension ( Kirk, Thomas ) [ 114.1 Kb, Rev. 4]

Published in: Reciprocity, Volume 19, No. 1, Page 3

An alternate description of a photon, using two scalar dimensions to describe its properties.

The Photon: Displacement in a Second Scalar Dimension ( Kirk, Thomas ) [ 209 Kb, Rev. 7]

Published in: Reciprocity, Volume 19, No. 2, Page 5

The development presented here provides a reconciliation of the apparent conflict between the left-right vectorial motion and the inward-outward motion of the photon. This is shown on page 50 and page 98 of Nothing But Motion. For those not familiar with the problem, this photon model in Nothing But Motion requires inward to be left vectorial and then switch to right vectorial in different units of time. Study was given to the problem from every conceivable angle and by applying every principle which related to the motion in question. (Careful examination was given to the copy of Reciprocity with the discussion of the photon by David Halprin and others.) After following many deductive trails, a complete rational correlation of all factors remained elusive. But then it finally hit me.

The Physics of Motion ( Larson, Dewey B. ) [ 194.4 Kb, Rev. 7]

An overview of the physics of motion, published in "Frontiers of Science," July-August, 1982.

The Problem of Swift “Action at a Distance” ( Huck, Rainer ) [ 146.5 Kb, Rev. 7]

Published in: Reciprocity, Volume 6, No. 1, Page 1

An experiment to prove if instantaneous action-at-a-distance can be mechanically proven through the use of crystals and the electric field.

The Properties of Scalar Motion ( Larson, Dewey B. ) [ 89.8 Kb, Rev. 9]

How to visualize the concept of scalar motion as differentiated from vectorial motion.

The Quaternion Struggle (Vijaya, Gopi Krishna)

A brief description of the history of quaternions, and how they got lost for a time in history and came back as Quantum Mechanics.

The Simple Essence of Dewey B. Larson's Reciprocal System of Physics ( Boardman, Jameela M. )
Der Kern von Dewey B. Larsons Reziprokem System der Physik (Deutsch)

An overview of the universality of the Reciprocal System model, without having to wade through volumes of heavy, detailed text to see it.

The Space-Time Universe ( KVK, Nehru ) [ 174.8 Kb, Rev. 20]

Published in: Reciprocity, Volume 25, No. 1, Page 1

A five-part series that summarizes the work of Dewey Larson's Reciprocal System and compares it to Theosophy, using The Secret Doctrine and The Mahatma Letters for reference.

The Uncommitted Investigator ( Phoenix III, Daniel ) [ 132.4 Kb, Rev. 20]
Der Ungebundene Forscher (Deutsch)

A short discussion on the uncommitted investigator, those basement researchers that produce new knowledge with their own skills and commitments, without corporate control.

The Wave Mechanics ( KVK, Nehru ) [ 196.2 Kb, Rev. 12]

Published in: Reciprocity, Volume 22, No. 2, Page 8

A basic introduction examining motion in the time region as a conceptual explanation of the wave mechanics concept.

Theoretical Evaluation of Planck's Constant ( KVK, Nehru ) [ 141 Kb, Rev. 7]

Published in: Reciprocity, Volume 12, No. 3, Page 6

A theoretical evaluation of the value of Planck's constant, derived from the concepts of the Reciprocal System.

Time and Timelines ( Phoenix III, Daniel ) [ 262.3 Kb, Rev. 1]
Zeit und Zeitlinien (Deutsch)

A discussion on the nature of time and the temporal experiments run during the Phoenix III project.

Time of Planetary Perihelion Motion ( Meyer, Frank ) [ 296.5 Kb, Rev. 17]

Perihelion is the name for a discrete location a planet occupies momentarily once during every cycle of its periodic motion about the sun; the planet when at this location is nearest the sun. The location does not remain the same from one cycle to the next. Since successive cycles occur at different times, the location changes with the progress of time. This displacement of place with time constitutes perihelion motion of a spatial location at definite, measurable time and motion rates. The object of this paper is twofold: A. to show that the well-known excess precession rate of Mercury’s perihelion is a function not of gravitation, as supposed by the general relativity theory of Einstein, but rather of the three-dimensional and discrete character of time (and space) and B. to indicate that the time involved in perihelion motion is not merely clock time2, as is generally assumed.

Updated Values for Unit Space and Unit Time ( Peret, Bruce ) [ 122.9 Kb, Rev. 2]

Published in: Reciprocity, Volume 24, No. 2, Page 12

A recalculation of the values for the natural units of space and time, based on the Rydberg Constant at infinity.

Where’s the Kaboom? ( Phoenix III, Daniel ) [ 456.9 Kb, Rev. 10]

The question arose in response to a paper put out by Miles Mathis titled, “The Bikini Atoll Nuclear Tests Were Faked,” which went on to demonstrate, through publicly available records, the many inconsistencies in the tests. LoneBear’s RS2 analysis was quite interesting, describing how nuclear fission works in the Reciprocal System (which has a different structure to the atom). This is a summary of that research, with additional information.

Reciprocal System Research Society

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