Papers byProf. KVK Nehru, Ph.D

  • An Excursion to the ISUS Archive


    After the demise of Dewey Bernard Larson, the creator of the Reciprocal System of theory, the first truly General Theory of physics, all his Manuscripts were transshipped to the headquarters of the ISUS at Salt Lake City, Utah, for safe-keeping.

  • Another Look at the Pulsar Phenomenon (PDF)
    Astronomers have recognized in the pulsars, the extremely compact pulsating stellar objects, opportunities to test the correctness of the predictions of different theories of gravitation. Prof. KVK Nehru does so here, with the Reciprocal System.
  • Birotation and the Doubts of Thomas (PDF)
    Commentary regarding Thomas Kirk's objections to Nehru's birotating photon model.
  • Comments on BPOM, UOM and Outline (PDF)
    Some questions Nehru poses to Larson, concerning the books, "Basic Properties of Matter," "Universe of Motion," and the paper, "The Outline of the Deductive Development of a Universe of Motion."
  • Consciousness, Motion, Space and Time (PDF)
    The fact that we do not have a single theory, but only a collection of individual theories, goes to show that the basic concepts of these individual theories are not right. Therefore attempts to understand the occult truths from the points of view of these concepts—which are only provisional working hypotheses—cannot lead us to Truth but only speculations unlimited. The emergence of the first truly general theory, namely, the Reciprocal System of Theory created by Dewey B. Larson should be of immense interest to all the seekers of Truth. The conclusions of the Reciprocal System are factually verified in all the domains of physics and astronomy. It must be noted that there cannot be more than one correct general theory.
  • Dialogue II (PDF)
    More questions and answers between KVK Nehru and Dewey Larson, concerning the books "Nothing But Motion" and "Quasars and Pulsars."
  • Dialogue with Dewey B. Larson, Part I
    Dialog between KVK Nehru and Dewey Larson, concerning comments on D. B. Larson’s Nothing But Motion (NBM) and New Light on Space and Time (NLST) interspersed with responses by the author. The correspondence from which this dialogue is excerpted took place c. 1980.
  • Discussion on Kirk's Explanation of Photon

    This is a very interesting article by Thomas Kirk. He evinces good understanding of the nature of scalar motion. The article would have been excellent but for few points needing further clarification. Presuming that the article had been reviewed, one feels that the reviewer ought to have raised these points.
    (Denoting page no. by ’p’, left and right columns by ’lc’ and ’rc’, para no. by ’pr’ and line no. by 'l')

  • Discussion on Satz's Derivation of Planck's Constant (PDF)

    (1) The ability to move away from established patterns of thinking and strike a new avenue of approach is a rare characteristic but most desirable for research. In his paper, “A New Derivation of Planck's Constant,”1 Satz comes up with such a fresh approach. He suggests that “frequency in the natural sense is the number of cycles per space-time unit.” This is at variance with Larson’s view that “…the so-called ‘frequency’ is actually a speed.

  • Distribution of the Masses of Protostars in Globular Clusters (PDF)

    A technical analysis of the formation of globular clusters, that utilizes just gravity and the progression of the natural reference system to form stars and clusters. Discussed are the mass limits for stellar combustion, as well as radial separations.

  • Electric Ionization (PDF)
    Nehru corrects some failings in Satz's papers, "Further Mathematics of the Reciprocal System" and "Photoionization and Photomagnetization," concerning the calculation of ionization of the elements.
  • Eternal, Ceaseless Motion, the New Paradigm of Science
    From Newton’s second Law we know that when a force F acts on a mass m, the acceleration (rate of change of speed) a, produced is given by a = F/m. However, experiments conducted on electrically accelerated particles showed, quite conclusively, that at very high speeds this is not the case. The magnitude of the acceleration produced by the same force gradually tapers off in a manner that it tends toward zero as the particle speed approaches the speed of light. So much so, Einstein had shown that no material particle could ever be accelerated to this limiting speed. Since then it has become an accepted dogma in all the physical fields. Even in situations where the empirical evidence clearly indicated existence of faster than light speeds—like in some quasar redshifts—the scientists simply denied the facts, because of their unquestioned servitude to Einstein’s ideas. This, of course, has had the disastrous result of stumping the development of physical theory.
  • Glimpses Into the Structure of the Sun (PDF)
    An analysis of sunspots as a manifestation of motion in the intermediate and ultra-high speed temperature ranges, generating comagnetic effects.
  • Glimpses into a New Paradigm
    The objective of this article is to introduce to the physical theory being called The Reciprocal System. Its originator, Dewey Larson, starting from two Postulates as regarding the nature of the basic constituents of the physical universe, and the mathematics applicable thereto builds a cogent theoretical structure that lays claim to a general theory. As it is impossible to outline the whole theory in the short space of an article, attempt has been made to present only those salient features that do not require lengthy explanation and have a broad-enough scope to enable the interested reader to appreciate its potentialities. More esoteric features of the Theory have been intentionally omitted from this preliminary treatment. They are, of course, available in the published works of Larson.
  • Gravitational Deflection of a Light Beam (PDF)

    Calculations of the gravitational deflection of a light beam, due to coordinate time.

  • Gravitational Redshift (PDF)

    A n RS computation of the gravitational red shift, compared to the Relativity version.

  • High Energy Physics and the Reciprocal System (PDF)

    Great advances in technology in the recent decades of this century have made it possible to amass a wealth of experimental data of unprecedented scope and variety. Theory in the areas of Particle Physics and Astrophysics has been subjected to repeated revisions to cope up with the observed facts. Especially in the field of High Energy Physics exciting things have been happening. The Orthodoxy is becoming more tolerant to wild, if not crazy ideas and inventions of thought.

  • How Do We Meet the New Age Ushered by the Reciprocal System (PDF)

    Another response from the suppression of the information on birotation by Satz, discussing how you CAN have rotation without anything to rotate, once you understand the concept.

  • Internal Ionization and Secondary Mass (PDF)

    A look at the influences that rotational vibration has on the concepts of mass and charge, and the interregional ratios applicable thereto.

  • Intrinsic Variables, Supernovae and the Thermal Limit (PDF)

    Analysis of how the thermal limit of atoms, applied to the large aggregate of stars, produces intrinsic variables and supernova.

  • Is Ferromagnetism a Co-magnetic Phenomenon? (PDF)

    In the phenomenon of the ferromagnetism the material exhibits large spontaneous magnetization in the absence of any externally applied magnetic field, below a characteristic temperature called the Curie point. Relatively few elements are ferromagnetic.

  • Language, Experience and Illusion
    One of the many obstacles that a serious student of spirituality has to face is language. One uses it not only for communication, but to organize one’s thinking, to direct reason and analyze nature. Sooner or later, he has to come to a clear and thorough understanding of how language distorts truth. As members of the human Brotherhood we are divided by thousands of languages. Not only man is alienated from man by language, but also more sinisterly, man is alienated from Reality by the language he uses. There are two functional levels in language: the lexical and the patternment. The lexical level is more directly concerned with meaning in expressing and communicating. There are plenty of traps in this. We would like to dwell, in this article, on the patternment level, which conditions us more deeply, through grammatical forms and other structural features.
  • Lifetime of C-Argon, the Muon (PDF)

    Calculation of the lifetime of the "antimatter" particle, cosmic argon.

  • Lifetimes of C-Atom Decays (PDF)

    Cosmic atom decay rates.

  • Multi-Dimensional Space-Time
    We have been working on a synthesis of the new discoveries relevant to Larson’s Beyond Space and Time. The following is a summary report of the development in thought so far. Recapitulating: space, time and speed (motion) are quantized. There are several speed (motion) regions of the physical universe which cannot be legitimately represented in the conventional three-dimensional spatial reference frame. In all the cases where legacy theory is encountering serious difficulties, the trouble arises because of the Procrustean attempts to fit all physical processes into the limited three-dimensional spatial frame. There is a conjugate Sector of the universe, the Cosmic Sector, which can only be represented in the analogous three-dimensional temporal reference frame. Most of the mysterious astronomical phenomena that have no proper explanation in the conventional theory turn out to be the normal Cosmic Sector phenomena as they appear to us. High-energy cosmic rays, cosmic microwave background and gamma ray bursts are typical examples.
  • New Light on the Gravitational Deflection of a Radiation Path (PDF)

    I have discussed in an earlier paper, “The Gravitational Deflection of Light Beam in the Reciprocal System,” the effect of gravitation on the bending of the locus of a photon. Even though the role played by the coordinate time associated with the gravitational motion in deflecting the path of light was correctly depicted therein, I believe that the mathematical implications were not correctly brought out. Especially, in the case of equation (6) there, though its existence was correctly recognized, its physical significance was misconstrued.

  • Non-Locality in the Reciprocal System (PDF)

    The Reciprocal System, true to its claim of a unified and general theory, not only covers the ground of the quantum theory, but also provides insight into the reality, basing on the new paradigm of motion as the sole constituent of the physical universe. Its most important finding is the existence of different domains of physical action, in which the rules of the game apparently differ. Larson resolves all the difficulties the conventional theory is facing, by the knowledge of the characteristics of these domains.

  • On the Nature of Rotation and Birotation (PDF)

    A detailed description of the concept of birotation, and how it explains many of the concepts associated with the photon.

  • Precession of the Planetary Perihelia (PDF)

    An explanation, with calculations, of the precession of the planets due to the concept of 3D, coordinate time.

  • Quantum Mechanics (PDF)

    While the Wave Mechanics has been very successful mathematically, it contains some fundamental errors. The principal stumbling block has been the ignorance of the existence of the Time Region and its peculiar characteristics.

  • Radio Component Separation in Quasars (PDF)

    A calculation of the angular separation of radio components in quasars.

  • Relative Abundance of the Elements (PDF)

    A calculation of the relative abundance of elements--how many of whiat element are present in the Universe, by default.

  • Some Thoughts on Spin (PDF)

    An investigation into the nature of spin, expanding the concept to include both rotation (spin-1) and solid rotation (spin-1/2).

  • Some Thoughts on the Reciprocal System of Theory (PDF)

    Some observations by Prof. KVK Nehru on the books, Nothing But Motion and New Light on Space and Time, with Larson's replies.

  • Subversive Reflections on the Practice of Physics

    “The transition from a paradigm in crisis to a new one is far from a cumulative process.
    Rather it is a reconstruction of the field from new fundamentals.”

    —Thomas S. Kuhn, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, pp. 84-85

  • Superconductivity: A Time Region Phenomenon (PDF)

    An analysis of superconductivity, where the superconductive properties are due to birotating electrons, not the temperature of the material.

  • Technology in the Aquarian Age (PDF)
    A short discussion of the potential impact of the Reciprocal System on humanity.
  • The Cosmic Background Radiation: Origin and Temperature (PDF)
    A detailed explanation of the origin and structure of cosmic background radiation.
  • The Gravitational Limit and Hubble's Law (PDF)

    Gravitation and Space-time Progression (STP) are the two oppositely directed scalar motions that decide the outcome of all physical phenomena in the universe of motion. There are two hitherto unknown features of gravitation that the Reciprocal System has brought to light. The first one, which is relevant to atomic-scale phenomena, is that in the context of the familiar three-dimensional stationary frame of reference, the direction of gravitation reverses at the unit space limit: it manifests as a repulsive force in the time region--the region inside unit space.

  • The Inter-Regional Ratio (PDF)

    An explanation of the Inter-regional ratio, that determines the effectiveness of rotation in the time region on space.

  • The Large-Scale Structure of the Physical Universe (PDF)

    A look at the giant voids in inter-galactic space, their origin and evolution. Includes a detailed mathematical analysis of the size, structure and lifetime of these cosmic "bubbles" creating the voids.

  • The Law of Conservation of Direction (PDF)

    Some students of the Reciprocal System (RS) have been disputing the explanation of the intrinsic structure of the photons, given by Larson, the originator of the RS. No amount of discussion, so far, seemed to throw additional light in overcoming the logical objections raised. An examination of the situation undertaken by the present investigator revealed that a crucial fact of fundamental nature is being missed hitherto, both by the originator and the other students.

  • The Lifetime of the Neutron (PDF)

    A calculation of the mass of the compound neutron, the "neutron" of conventional physics.

  • The Nature of Scalar Rotation (PDF)
    An article by Maurice Gilroy in a recent issue of Reciprocity1 clearly brings to focus the fact that more fundamental theoretical work needs to be done on the rotational motions of atoms. Few years ago, studying the electric ionization characteristics of the elements in the context of the Reciprocal System, I had come to the same conclusion with regard to the non-conformist nature of the lanthanides. Presently I have made a more detailed examination of the mathematical structure of the scalar rotational motion with a view to obtain some insight into these fundamentals. I am reporting in this Paper the results of this study. My conclusions, as yet, are by no means final. However, it is felt desirable, in view of the maiden nature of the exploration, to invite comments and discussion before bestowing further efforts on it.
  • The Photon as Birotation (PDF)

    Details of the consequences of the birotating photon model.

  • The Quasar Paradox?

    Paradoxes Galore

  • The Space-Time Universe (PDF)
    A five-part series that summarizes the work of Dewey Larson's Reciprocal System and compares it to Theosophy, using The Secret Doctrine and The Mahatma Letters for reference.
  • The Wave Mechanics (PDF)

    A basic introduction examining motion in the time region as a conceptual explanation of the wave mechanics concept.

  • Theoretical Evaluation of Planck's Constant (PDF)

    A theoretical evaluation of the value of Planck's constant, derived from the concepts of the Reciprocal System.

International Society of  Unified Science
Reciprocal System Research Society

Salt Lake City, UT 84106

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